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Forgiving and Forgetting in American Justice: A 50-state Guide to Expungement and Restoration of Rig

Revised January 2018

Collateral Consequences Resource Center

This report was prepared by staff of the Collateral Consequences Resource Center, and is based on research compiled for the Restoration of Rights Project, a CCRC project launched in August 2017 in partnership with the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, the National Legal Aid & Defender Association, and the National HIRE Network. The report was originally published in October 2017, and republished as revised in January 2018.

The Restoration of Rights Project is an online resource containing detailed state-by-state analyses of the law and practice in each U.S. jurisdiction relating to restoration of rights and status following arrest or conviction. Jurisdictional “profiles” cover areas such as loss and restoration of civil rights and firearms rights, judicial and executive mechanisms for avoiding or mitigating collateral consequences, and provisions addressing nondiscrimination in employment and licensing.

In addition to the jurisdictional profiles, Project materials include a set of 50-state comparison charts that make it possible to see national patterns in restoration laws and policies, and summaries that provide a snapshot of available relief in each state. These summaries constitute the heart of this report, and three of the 50-state charts are also included in appendices.

The resources that comprise the Restoration of Rights Project were originally published in 2006 by CCRC Executive Director Margaret Love. They have been expanded over the years to broaden their scope and to account for the many changes in this complex and dynamic area of the law. In 2016, Project resources were re-organized into a unified online platform hosted on the CCRC website.

The Restoration of Rights Project is kept continuously up to date, and CCRC anticipates revising and republishing this overview report from time to time as warranted by developments in the law.

Read the full report here!

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